ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a condition that impacts adults as well as children.
The NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 72 states that “The definitions of ADHD and hyperkinetic disorder are based on maladaptively high levels of impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. They are all based on observations about how children behave: ‘impulsivity’ signifies premature and thoughtless actions; ‘hyperactivity’ a restless and shifting excess of movement; and ‘inattention’ is a disorganised style preventing sustained effort.”
ADHD is neurological condition that can cause a range of difficulties throughout the lifespan. Untreated ADHD in adulthood has been linked to greater risk of alcohol and substance abuse, emotional problems and problems with relationships as well as difficulties maintaining jobs. All these problems collectively can lead to severe depression and anxiety and a feeling of having failed to meet potential. The three main types of ADHD are:
Predominantly inattentive ADHD:
Inattention is the main presenting problem. The child or adult will have great diffuiculty focusing on details they make careless mistakes due to failing to maintain attention on the activity, they appear not to listening, often do not follow the instructions have difficulty organizing tasks, easily distracted, often forgotten, known as daydreamers etc.Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive ADHD:
Hyperactive and impulsive behaviours are clearly apparent. May appear fidgety , have difficulty sitting still and many talk excessively. The person usually exhibits incessant movements with hands or feet. Inattention may be present as well, though generally not as obvious.Combined ADHD:
All three ADHD traits of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity are present and causing the person difficulties in equal measure.